Understanding Depression

Understanding Depression

What is depression?

What is depression?

Are there different types of depression?

Are there different types of depression?

Can I get depressed for no reason other than brain chemistry?

Can I get depressed for no reason other than brain chemistry?

What are the most common causes of depression?

What are the most common causes of depression?

At what point does not treating depression become risky or dangerous?

At what point does not treating depression become risky or dangerous?

What are some symptoms of depression?

What are some symptoms of depression?

How long should a person feel sad or depressed before seeking help?

How long should a person feel sad or depressed before seeking help?

If a person is depressed, when should they call a doctor?

If a person is depressed, when should they call a doctor?

Who would I see to get as diagnosis for depression?

Who would I see to get as diagnosis for depression?

How is depression diagnosed?

How is depression diagnosed?

Are there levels of depression that can be diagnosed, from mild to severe?

Are there levels of depression that can be diagnosed, from mild to severe?

Does depression occur with other disorders?

Does depression occur with other disorders?

What is PTSD?

What is PTSD?

Can a person prevent getting more severely depressed?

Can a person prevent getting more severely depressed?

Can changing a job, marital status or some other situation treat depression?

Can changing a job, marital status or some other situation treat depression?

Are there ways that I can prevent depression?

Are there ways that I can prevent depression?

What is done in the case of severe depression?

What is done in the case of severe depression?

What combination of treatments seems to work best?

What combination of treatments seems to work best?

Should counseling always be part of treatment for depression?

Should counseling always be part of treatment for depression?

How effective are natural remedies for depression?

How effective are natural remedies for depression?

Are there medicines I can take for depression?

Are there medicines I can take for depression?

Are there ways that people can treat depression on their own?

Are there ways that people can treat depression on their own?

What is PTSD?

What is PTSD?

Does depression occur with other disorders?

Does depression occur with other disorders?

Are there levels of depression that can be diagnosed, from mild to severe?

Are there levels of depression that can be diagnosed, from mild to severe?

How is depression diagnosed?

How is depression diagnosed?

Who would I see to get as diagnosis for depression?

Who would I see to get as diagnosis for depression?

If a person is depressed, when should they call a doctor?

If a person is depressed, when should they call a doctor?

How long should a person feel sad or depressed before seeking help?

How long should a person feel sad or depressed before seeking help?

What are some symptoms of depression?

What are some symptoms of depression?

At what point does not treating depression become risky or dangerous?

At what point does not treating depression become risky or dangerous?

What are the most common causes of depression?

What are the most common causes of depression?

Can I get depressed for no reason other than brain chemistry?

Can I get depressed for no reason other than brain chemistry?

Are there different types of depression?

Are there different types of depression?

What is depression?

What is depression?

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Dr. Kim Penberthy

University of Virginia

Dr. Penberthy attended Wake Forest University and obtained a bachelor’s degree in psychology and biology. She obtained a master’s degree in experimental psychology from Wake Forest University in 1992. Dr. Penberthy collaborated in research conducted at the UNC-Chapel Hill Center for Alcohol Studies, in the Medical School, and then at the Cancer Research Center at Duke University. She then completed her Ph.D. in Clinical psychology at VCU in Richmond , VA , working under the mentorship of Dr. Jim McCullough, the developer of CBASP, a proven effective treatment for chronic depression. She is still involved in CBASP research and education, and is on the national faculty for the CBASP National Training Program, Inc., which conducts national and international training for clinicians and physicians.

Dr. Penberthy completed her internship in clinical psychology at Eastern Virginia Medical School in Norfolk , VA where she worked with Dr. Barbara Cubic, a trainee of Dr. A.T. Beck. Dr. Penberthy focused on CBT for eating disorders and had a concentration in Neuropsychology. She then completed her post-doctoral fellowship at UVA in the Department of Psychiatric Medicine in the Behavioral Medicine Center , where she collaborated on research regarding diabetes management and pediatric bowel disorders. She collaborated with the Digestive Center of Excellence to establish psychosocial patient care for those with GI disorders. In addition, she conducted independent research on the diagnosis of ADHD and has patented technology to effectively diagnose ADHD using a mathematical combination of EEG  and psychological data.

Dr. Penberthy was appointed Assistant Professor in 2001 and has remained on faculty at UVA. Dr. Penberthy currently has funding in ADHD research through the Carilion Biomedical Institute and was awarded a Young Investigator Award for Funding in Excellence in Science and Techology (FEST) for her ADHD research. She is also currently funded through the General Medical Education Innovations Grant for research investigating the assessment and training of  interpersonal and communication skills of resident physicians and the impact of these skills on patient satisfaction and outcome. Dr. Penberthy spends a majority of her research time as the clinical psychologist at the UVA CARE clinic, where she is mentored by Prof. Bankole Johnson and focuses her research on the placebo effects in clinical research as well as the learning curve and dose effects of CBT.  In addition, she provides CBT and assessment for addiction studies, and supervises two clinical psychology fellows as well as fourth year psychiatric medicine residents. She is also involved in smoking prevention research under the mentoring of Dr. Ming Li.  This research focuses on using CBT techniques to prevent smoking behavior in young adolescents.  Dr. Penberthy also teaches CBT and Interpersonal and Communication Skills and therapy to the psychiatric medicine residents, and spends time supervising PGYIII residents at the Outpatient Clinic at Northridge. She teaches CBT to child psychiatry fellows, teaches a small group class in Clinical Epidemiology to 2<sup>nd</sup> year medical students at UVA, and mentors a PGYII student. Finally, Dr. Penberthy sees her own clinical patients for treatment and specializes in CBT for comorbid depression and anxiety and substance use disorders. She also specializes in CBASP for patients with chronic depression.

Understanding Depression

Assistant Professor of Psychiatry Dr. Kim Penberthy gives an overview of depression, symptoms and treatment.

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Transcripts

Dr. Kim Penberthy: Hi, my name is Kim Penberthy and I am an assistant professor of Psychiatry in the Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral sciences at the University of Virginia Health System. Today, we are going to be talking about depression and some of the symptoms of depression from how to diagnose depression through to how to treat depression. I would like to mention that if you do have symptoms of depression or find out that you have symptoms of depression while you are viewing this and you feel suicidal or some symptoms that are scaring you, it's probably, a good idea to go to your emergency room department or to call 911 if you are feeling suicidal. The other thing would be if you recognize symptoms of depression in yourself after viewing this it would be important to follow up with calling your Physician. A little bit about myself. I am a Clinical Psychologist. I obtained my Bachelors and my Masters degree at Wake Forest University in Psychology and Experimental Psychology and I received my PhD in Clinical Psychology at the Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia. I specialize in treatment of chronic disorders such as depression and I also do research on alcoholism and depression. Now I would like to begin by discussing some of our symptoms of depression and treatment options for depression. Let's get started.