How to Go Camping

How to Go Camping

Finding a Camp Site

Finding a Camp Site

Items to Bring on a Camping Trip

Items to Bring on a Camping Trip

How to Set Up a Tent

How to Set Up a Tent

How to Purify Water

How to Purify Water

Going to Bathroom in the Woods

Going to Bathroom in the Woods

Cleanliness while Camping

Cleanliness while Camping

How to Start a Campfire

How to Start a Campfire

Campfire Cooking and Protecting Food From Bears

Campfire Cooking and Protecting Food From Bears

Entertainment while Camping

Entertainment while Camping

Safety Equipment to Bring Camping

Safety Equipment to Bring Camping

Leaving No Trace While Camping

Leaving No Trace While Camping

Organic Garden Planning

Organic Garden Planning

Gardening With Organic Seeds

Gardening With Organic Seeds

Watering An Organic Garden

Watering An Organic Garden

Emergency Preparedness - Using the Bathroom and Kitchen

Emergency Preparedness - Using the Bathroom and Kitchen

Emergency Preparedness - Home as a Storehouse

Emergency Preparedness - Home as a Storehouse

Emergency Preparedness - Shelter at Home

Emergency Preparedness - Shelter at Home

Emergency Preparedness - Using a Vehicle as a Storehouse

Emergency Preparedness - Using a Vehicle as a Storehouse

Emergency Preparedness - Using a Vehicle for Shelter

Emergency Preparedness - Using a Vehicle for Shelter

Emergency Preparedness Tips

Emergency Preparedness Tips

Winter Survival - Survival Gear

Winter Survival - Survival Gear

Winter Survival - Frost Bite

Winter Survival - Frost Bite

Winter Survival - Avoiding Dehydration

Winter Survival - Avoiding Dehydration

Winter Survival - Shelter

Winter Survival - Shelter

Winter Survival - Hypothermia

Winter Survival - Hypothermia

Winter Survival Tips

Winter Survival Tips

Organic Gardening - Giving Back to the Soil

Organic Gardening - Giving Back to the Soil

Organic Gardening - Building a Miniature Green House

Organic Gardening - Building a Miniature Green House

Organic Gardening - Making Compost

Organic Gardening - Making Compost

Organic Gardening - Watering Schedule

Organic Gardening - Watering Schedule

Organic Gardening - Pest Control

Organic Gardening - Pest Control

Organic Gardening - Weed Control

Organic Gardening - Weed Control

Organic Gardening - Transplanting Seedlings

Organic Gardening - Transplanting Seedlings

Organic Gardening - Propagation Methods

Organic Gardening - Propagation Methods

Organic Gardening - Seeds and Seedlings

Organic Gardening - Seeds and Seedlings

Organic Gardening - Soil Amendments

Organic Gardening - Soil Amendments

Organic Gardening - Soil

Organic Gardening - Soil

Organic Gardening - Garden and Container Location

Organic Gardening - Garden and Container Location

Organic Gardening - Gardening Plan

Organic Gardening - Gardening Plan

Organic Gardening Basics

Organic Gardening Basics

Leaving No Trace While Camping

Leaving No Trace While Camping

Safety Equipment to Bring Camping

Safety Equipment to Bring Camping

Entertainment while Camping

Entertainment while Camping

Campfire Cooking and Protecting Food From Bears

Campfire Cooking and Protecting Food From Bears

How to Start a Campfire

How to Start a Campfire

Cleanliness while Camping

Cleanliness while Camping

Going to Bathroom in the Woods

Going to Bathroom in the Woods

How to Purify Water

How to Purify Water

How to Set Up a Tent

How to Set Up a Tent

Items to Bring on a Camping Trip

Items to Bring on a Camping Trip

Finding a Camp Site

Finding a Camp Site

How to Go Camping

How to Go Camping

Packing a Wilderness Survival Kit

Packing a Wilderness Survival Kit

Wilderness Survival - Knowing Wild Plant Foods

Wilderness Survival - Knowing Wild Plant Foods

Wilderness Survival - Starting a Friction Fire

Wilderness Survival - Starting a Friction Fire

Wilderness Survival - Starting a Fire with One Match

Wilderness Survival - Starting a Fire with One Match

Wilderness Survival - Finding & Purifying Water

Wilderness Survival - Finding & Purifying Water

Wilderness Survival - Building a Shelter

Wilderness Survival - Building a Shelter

Wilderness Survival - Determining Priorities

Wilderness Survival - Determining Priorities

How to Survive in the Wilderness

How to Survive in the Wilderness

Sailing Tips - Furling Behind Main

Sailing Tips - Furling Behind Main

Sailing Tips - Clearing Away Lazy Jacks

Sailing Tips - Clearing Away Lazy Jacks

Sailing Tips - Adjust Fairleads

Sailing Tips - Adjust Fairleads

Sailing Tips - Heaving To

Sailing Tips - Heaving To

Sailing Tips - Springing Off A Dock

Sailing Tips - Springing Off A Dock

Sailing Tips - Available Sailing Comforts

Sailing Tips - Available Sailing Comforts

Sailing Tips - How To Set Up A Spinnaker

Sailing Tips - How To Set Up A Spinnaker

Sailing Tips - Hoist The Spinnaker

Sailing Tips - Hoist The Spinnaker

Sailing Tips - Jibing A Spinnaker

Sailing Tips - Jibing A Spinnaker

Sailing Tips - Leeward Douse

Sailing Tips - Leeward Douse

Sailing Tips - Windward Douse

Sailing Tips - Windward Douse

Sailing Tips - Checking The Sailboat's Engine

Sailing Tips - Checking The Sailboat's Engine

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Tim MacWelch

Owner and Head Instructor, Earth Connection

www.earth-connection.com  

540-270-2531

Tim MacWelch is the owner and Head Instructor of Earth Connection School of Wilderness Survival and Ancient Skills.  Tim founded Earth Connection in 1997, and has continuously been offering outdoor skills classes in Northern Virginia ever since.

How to Purify Water

Camping expert Tim MacWelch of Earth Connection shows two ways to purify water when camping.

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Tim MacWelch: I am Tim MacWelch of Earth Connection School of Wilderness Survival and Ancient Skills in Fredericksburg, Virginia. This is our video series on how to go camping. In this clip, we are going to show you how to purify water with a filter and also with purification tablets.

So we found a little stream in the forest. We always should assume that the water is contaminated with viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and other parasitic organisms. They would cause us bodily harm if we drank it as is. Now for our camping, we don't have a lot of equipment, we can boil the water. Boil it for ten minutes in a metal pot or some other fire proof vessel and that will kill all these different organisms and make the water safe to drink, however, a lot of outdoor enthusiasts used to two different methods besides boiling, to avoid the work of having to make a fire, and boil the water, and wait for it to cool down. So the first of these is a water filter. This actually screens out any harmful organisms through ceramic filters, which also has silver embedded in it. The small particles of these organisms are stuck in the filter and then killed by the silver. So all we have to do is put the intake hose which has a little screen in the front of it to keep soil and rocks from going up in there. Now I have touched the water. I should consider my hands contaminated by viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and other pathogens. So I am not going to touch any of the drinking water spots on my pump or my bottle. Now I place my little pocket filter on the ground, being careful not to get my wet fingers near this spigot or the mouth of the bottle. I start pumping the handle to prime the pump. Priming the pump involves getting some water in the hose and up to the filter. This water is safe and ready to drink right away. There is no waiting time. A filter like this is expensive, but it is quick, easily used and reliable. If you did not have a filter to purify the water, we can go with a more affordable purification system which involves either iodine tablets or chlorine dioxide tablets. Following the instructions on these products, we would place the tablets in our bottle of contaminated water, which we would simply scoop up out of the creek. We place the tablets in the water; let them dissolve for approximately five minutes. Different products may require different time length. Then we are going to allow that chemical filled water, either with iodine or chlorine, to cover the entire bottle from inside and outside. We are going to turn our bottle upside down and our chlorine filled water or iodine filled water will rinse the cap and our hand, and the outside of the bottle to sterilize all of the surfaces that have come in contact with our stream water, which we should assume is contaminated.

Now different products require a different length of time to reach their full activation. The iodine tablets require about 45 minutes to completely kill and sterilize the water from all different types of pathogens. The chlorine dioxide tablets take four hours. So they are safer on a person's body, especially for long term use. Chlorine is not as toxic as iodine, but the iodine tablets give a faster result. So you can pick and choose, whether you want the one that works quicker or the one that's a little bit safer on a person's digestion.